Nevertheless, the Morality marks a distinct advance over the Miracle in that it gave free scope to the imagination for new plots and incidents. In its place emerged what came to be known with characteristic understatement as The Movement. Old English literature consists of poetry, prose, charms, riddles, maxims, proverbs, and various other wisdom sayings. Locates seventeenth-century English literature in its social and cultural contexts. Joseph Andrews laughs at Samuel Richardson’s Pamela. • Aims: A Word to Present and Future Literature Teachers 6 • Desired Student Outcomes of Literature 8 • 21st Century Competencies 10 2. It is impossible to fix either the date or the authorship of any of these plays; we only know certainly that they were in great favor from the twelfth to the sixteenth century. He sketched both lower and middle class people in London. L’Allegro(the happy man and Il Penseroso (the sad man) two long narrative poems. These lyrical poets dealt chiefly with love and war. There was a sweeping social reform and unprecedented progress. 0000003688 00000 n His first noteworthy book was The Battle of the Books. Robert Browning (1812-89) is an English poet and playwright whose mastery of dramatic monologues made him one of the foremost Victorian poets. T.S Eliot wrote seven dramas. Thanks for this contribution. this is brief, if you want to read the original lengthy version please read David Daiches’ book the critical history of English Literature. Charles Lamb is one of the greatest essayists of nineteenth century. Menu. Beowulf was rewarded and became King. It studies with great insight the relationship between a son and mother. Fiction in the Early 1830s 50. To enliven the audience the devil of the Miracle plays was introduced; and another lively personage called the Vice was the predecessor of our modern clown and jester. William Langland,  (born c. 1330—died c. 1400), presumed author of one of the greatest examples of Middle English alliterative poetry, generally known as Piers Plowman, an allegorical work with a complex variety of religious themes. His earliest novel was The Naval Officer. MA English Literature Notes 165; MA Islamiat Notes 6; Test Preparation Notes & Guide 328. Many critics consider Clarissa as Richardson’s masterpiece. His A Journal of the Plague Year deals with the Plague in London in 1665. Joyce’s mastery of language, his integrity, brilliance, and power is noticeable in his novel titled Finnefan’s Wake. Literature:- Beowulf, the earliest literature, the national epic of the Anglo-Saxon,one of the striking features- the use of alliteration. Thomas Hardy (1840-1928) published his first work Desperate Remedies anonymously. Sterne blends humour and pathos in his works. Toggle navigation. H.G Wells began his career as a journalist. In France the name miracle was given to any play representing the lives of the saints, while the mystère represented scenes from the life of Christ or stories from the Old Testament associated with the coming of Messiah. His other novels are The Adventures of Ferdinand and Humphry Clinker. Elegies can also mourn the passing of events or passions. Matthew Arnold (1822-1888) was an English poet and cultural critic who worked as an inspector of schools. No English novelists excel Dickens in the multiplicity of his characters and situations. The chief literary glory of the Elizabethan age was its drama. Robert Herrick wrote some fresh and passionate lyrics. Like his novels, the poems reveal concern with man’s unequal struggle against the mighty fate. The Domestic Ideal 84. It was set in the rural area he was soon to make famous as Wessex. Tintern Abbey is one of the greatest poems of Wordsworth. MIDDLE ENGLISH LITERATURE Middle English was used from about 1100 to about 1500. Social Crisis and the Novel 81. The first English tragedy was Gorboduc, in blank verse. For four centuries after this first recorded play the Miracles increased steadily in number and popularity in England. 0000007565 00000 n The earliest surviving English poetry may have been composed in the 7th century.It is written in Old English or Anglo-Saxon, the direct predecessor of modern English.The highest poetic achievement in Old English literature is Beowulf, a 3182 line epic by an unknown author.Following the Norman conquest of England in the 11th century, Anglo-Saxon rapidly diminished as a written literary … The period is a long one and it is generally considered that Old English was spoken from about A.D. 600 to about 1100. Tobias Smollett wrote a ‘picaresque novel’ titled The Adventures of Roderick Random. 0000003765 00000 n Like the Miracle plays, most of the old Moralities are of unknown date and origin. Even now the Persian play of the “Martyrdom of Ali” is celebrated yearly, and the famous “Passion Play,” a true Miracle, is given every ten years at Oberammergau. In 1643, Milton married a woman much younger than himself. Being a self-confessed fan ofJane Austen, his attention is on the story, its details and its twists and turns.Vikram Seth is notable both as an accomplished novelist and poet. The reawakening of a social conscience was found its expression in the literature produced during this period. At the beginning Tess of the D’Urbervilles was rejected by the publishers. Charlotte Brontë’s first novel, The Professor failed to find a publisher and only appeared after her death. Samuel Tylor Coleridge (1772-1814) wrote four poems for The Lyrical Ballads. Alfred Lord Tennyson held the poet laureateship for over forty years. Of these the best are his translation of Goethe’s Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship, his The Life of Schiller, and his essays on Robert Burns and Walter Scott. Don Juan ranks as one of the greatest of satirical poems. Poetry is a vast subject, as old as history, present wherever religion is present, and possibly the primal form of languages themselves. In this article on the history of English literature, you'll be getting a glimpse of almost every age of English literature. Eliot’s first volume of verse, Prufrock and Other Observations portrays the boredom, emptiness, and pessimism of its days. Edward Young produced a large amount of literary work of variable quality. Though he was not able to find a publisher, he continued to write poetry. Lyric poetry, prose, and drama were the major styles of literature that flowered during the Elizabethan Age. ENGLISH LITERATURE ENGLIT 0066 INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL LITERATURE 3 cr. Besides being a great poet, Mathew Arnold also excelled as an essayist. He died in 1400 and was the first to be buried in Westminster Abbey’s Poet’s Corner. He was born in Dublin, Ireland. Woolf rejected the conventional concepts of novel. John Webster’s The White Devil and The Duchess of Malfi are important Elizabethan dramas. All these early plays were written, for the most part, in a mingling of prose and wretched doggerel, and add nothing to our literature. Christopher Marlow, Shakespeare, Milton and many other writers made use of it. The outcry with the publication of Jude the Obscure led Hardy in disgust to abandon novel writing. William Makepeace Thackeray was born in Calcutta and sent to England for education. Edgar Allan Poe was a master of Mystery stories. His best known lyrics, such as To Althea, from Prison and To Lucasta, going in the Wars, are simple and sincere. There is often no clear-cut delineation between religious and non-religious poetry or sometimes even between poetry and prose. His Isabella deals with the murder of a lady’s lover by her two wicked brothers. Dr. Samuel Johnson (1709-1784) is very much famous for his Dictionary (1755). The poem concludes with the funeral ceremonies in honour of the dead hero. 0000002618 00000 n Milton is remembered for his greatest epic poem Paradise Lost. This unfortunate incident led Milton to write two strong pamphlets on divorce. In general, the language of the poem is simple and colloquial, but some of the author’s imagery is powerful and direct. *Chaucer-----the founder of English poetry; the father of English poetry; introduction of the rhymed stanza of various types from France to 1. Science, Tech, Math Science Math Social Sciences Computer Science Animals & Nature Humanities History & Culture Visual Arts Literature English Geography Philosophy Issues Languages English as a Second Language Spanish French … Poetry, literature that evokes a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience or an emotional response through language chosen and arranged for its meaning, sound, and rhythm. His first work, Dubliners, is followed by a largely autobiographical novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. He is so sensitive and so strong. Queen Mab, The Revolt of Islam and Alastor are his early poems. The Devil’s Disciple, Caesar and Cleopatra, and The Man of Destiny are also noteworthy. Her one and only novel Wuthering Heights (1847) is unique in English literature. Clarissa is a very long novel. Richard Lovelace’s Lucasta contains the best of his shorter pieces. The Ring and the Book is an epic-length poem in which he justifies the ways of God to humanity  Browning is popularly known by his shorter poems, such as Porphyria’s Lover,  Rabbi Ben Ezra, How They Brought the Good News from Ghent to Aix, and The Pied Piper of Hamelin. Chaucer’s first major work was ‘The Book of the Duchess’, an elegy for the first wife of his patron John of Gaunt. This History provides a concise overview of the developments of British poetry from the Anglo-Saxon period to the present day. His views on poetical style are the most revolutionary. Prometheus Unbound is a combination of the lyric and the drama. THE ANGLO-SAXON PERIOD (THE EARLIEST TIME – 1066) Social Background:- the making of England; the invasion of Roman Empire in the 4th AD; the attacks of Vikings etc. He exposed all kinds of reliogious, political, and social shams and hypocrisies of his period. Spenser invented a special metre for The Faerie Queene. UNIT II. He was a great Puritan and supported Oliver Cromwell in the Civil War. Other important plays of Jonson are Every Man out of his Humour, Volpone or the Fox, and The Alchemist. Owen was a gifted artist with a fine feeling for words. Besides Essays of Elia, other famous essays are Dream Children and Tales from Shakespeare. It is a long blank verse poem of meditation on man’s morality. The characters are less finished and the style lacks the genius of Shakespeare. The story of Lamia is taken from Burton’s Anatomy of Melancholy. Plath’s mental imbalance which brought  her to suicide can be seen in her poetry collections titled Ariel, The Colossus, and Crossing the Water. Instead they used alliteration. 8 USEFUL INFORMATION TO STUDY LITERATURE Taking Notes 1. Like the novelists in the 20th century, most of the important dramatists were chiefly concerned with the contemporary social scene. James Osborne’s Look Back in Anger gave the strongest tonic to the concept of Angry Young Man. His History of England is filled with numerous and picturesque details. Poet Geoffrey Chaucer was born circa 1340 in London, England. They satirize or denounce abuses of Church and State, and introduce living personages thinly disguised as allegories; so that the stage first becomes a power in shaping events and correcting abuses. This article focuses on poetry from the United Kingdom written in the English language.The article does not cover poetry from other countries where the English language is spoken, including Southern Ireland after December 1922.. A SHORT HISTORY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE 2. thank u so much sir ,this post is going so helpful for me in my upcoming net exam….thankx once again, Thank you so much Thyrsis, Dover Beach and The Scholar Gipsy are his notable poems. Besides essays, he wrote The Advancement of Learning, New Atlantis and History of Henry VII. 0000005147 00000 n M� Juno and the Paycock, The Plough and the Stars, and The Silver Tassie marked Sean O’Casey out as the greatest new figure in the inter-War years. Thus he fell into conflict with the Churc… His plays are quite short and set in an enclosed space. Somerset Maugham was a realist who sketched the cosmopolitan life through his characters. Thomas Kyd’s The Spanish Tragedy is a Senecan play. It is impossible to draw any accurate line of distinction between the Moralities and Interludes. This is so helpful for literature student for their any exam in english literature. THE IMPORTANT PERIODS IN THE HISTORY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE •The old English [450AD -1066AD] •The Middle English [1066AD-1500AD] •The Renaissance period[1500-1600] •The Elizabethan period[1558-1603] •The Jacobean period[1603-1625] •The Caroline period[1625-1649] •The Puritan period[1649-1660] •The … Wilfred Owen was the greatest of the war poets. The Anglo-Saxon age comprises about 600 years.Beowoulf is one of the most important works of that age. John Dryden popularized heroic couplets in his dramas. In Spain and Portugal these plays, under the name auto, were wonderfully developed by the genius of Calderon and Gil Vicente; but in England the Morality was a dreary kind of performance, like the allegorical poetry which preceded it. Uses a modern English translation of Cervantes, and all … The climax is reached by a boy who announces that a boy’s pleasure consists in two things, catching birds and throwing snowballs, and begs for the weather to be such that he can always do both. 0000003160 00000 n The Restoration of Charles II (1660) brought about a revolution in English literature. Ndian English poetry is the oldest form of Indian English literature, which has the attained, both fecundity and excellence of cross monestry. Samuel Richardson (1689-1761) is considered as the father of English novel. The author of Beowulf is anonymous. hats off you master!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! the history of English literature through the major periods of its develop-ment. Victorian literature 3 Poetry and drama Lord Tennyson, the Poet Laureate Poetry in a sense settled down from the upheavals of the romantic era and much of the work of the time is seen as a bridge between this earlier era and the modernist poetry of the next century. Literature of Travel 70. The beginnings of English literature reach back to the distant 7th century and span far beyond the territory of Great Britain. are his other works. We love you . modern english literature page 2 university of calicut school of distance education study material ba english (2 011 admission onwards) vi semester core course modern english literature prepared by: mr. abdul rasheed p. assistant professor department of english emea college kondotty. Here's a brief overview of commonly delineated periods in English literature, with author and title examples for each, from 450 to the present. A History of Seventeenth-Century Literature outlines significant developments in the English literary tradition between the years 1603 and 1690. It is written in the manner of dreams. The Moon and Sixpence, Mrs. Craddock and The Painted Veil are some of his novels. History of English Literature Timeline Given below is the History of English Literature timeline. William Blake (1757-1827) is both a great poet and artist. Tess of the D’Urbervilles and Jude the Obscure aroused the hostility of conventional readers due to their frank handling of sex and religion. After a hundred years of insignificance, drama again appeared as an important form in the twentieth century. The same thing is noticeable in Cursor Mundi, which, with the York and Wakefield cycles, belongs to the fourteenth century. Some of his major works are The Mystery of Marie Roget, The Murders in the Rue Morgue, The Fall of the House of Usher and The Mystery of Red Death. 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