The Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg were elevated by the Holy Roman Emperor to the rank of Prince-Elector in 1692 and this elevation was confirmed by the Imperial Diet in 1708. George I (George-Louis; German: Georg-Ludwig; May 28/June7, 1660 – June 11, 1727) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire from 23 January 1698 until his death in 1727. After the war ended, peace prevailed until the French Revolutionary Wars started. It succeeded the former Electorate of Hanover (known formally as the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg), and joined 38 other sovereign states in the German Confederation in June 1815. Ernest Augustus, (born Nov. 20, 1629, Herzberg am Harz Castle, Hanover [Germany]—died Jan. 23, 1698, Herrenhausen Castle), duke (from 1679) and elector (from 1692) of Hanover, father of George Louis, who became George I, king of Great Britain.. It was formally known as the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg). Hanover (German: Hannover) is a territory that was at various times a principality within the Holy Roman Empire, an Electorate within the same, an independent Kingdom, and a subordinate Province within the Kingdom of Prussia.The territory was named after its capital, the city of Hanover, which was the principal town of the region from 1636. In April 1801 the Brandenburg-Prussian troops arrived in Bremen-Verden's capital, Stade, and stayed there until October that year. In 1692, at its upgrading to the rank of electorate, its territory comprised the Brunswick-Lüneburgian principalities of Calenberg and Grubenhagen, which the line of the former[clarification needed] had already inherited in 1665. Kurfürstentum Hannover Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg. The electorate comprised large parts of the modern German state of Lower Saxony in Northern Germany. In 1801 24,000 Brandenburg-Prussian soldiers invaded, surprising Hanover, which surrendered without a fight. In autumn 1805, at the beginning of the War of the Third Coalition against France (1805), the French occupying troops left Hanover in a campaign against Austria. Though the Elector's titles were properly Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, he is commonly referred to as the Elector of Hanover after his residence. He was the first British monarch of the House of Hanover. After the Battle of Copenhagen (1801) the coalition fell apart and Brandenburg-Prussia withdrew its troops. British, Swedish and Russian coalition forces captured Hanover. Although the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved in 1806, George III's government did not consider the dissolution to be final, and he continued to be styled "Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, Arch-treasurer and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire" until 1814. At both enfeoffments George II Augustus swore that he would respect the existing privileges and constitutions of the estates in Bremen-Verden and in Hadeln, thus confirming 400-year-old traditions of estate participation in government. [2] However, Hanover remained a separately ruled territory with its own governmental bodies, and the country had to sign a treaty with Great Britain whenever Hanoverian troops fought on the British side of a war. The Electorate of Hanover was an Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, located in northwestern Germany and taking its name from the capital city of Hanover. Hanover remained unaffected for the rest of the war. former Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, Sketch map of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg including the Hanover electorate (blue) and the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (green), c. 1720: Elector George I Louis acquired. It was called the Department of Bremen-Verden, Hadeln, Lauenburg and Bentheim. However the Electors spent most of their time in England. During the 18th. The British first ignored Brandenburg-Prussia's hostility, but when the latter joined the pro-French coalition of armed neutral powers including Denmark-Norway and Russia, Britain began to capture Brandenburg-Prussian ships. The possessions of the electors in Germany also grew, as they de facto purchased the formerly Swedish-held duchies of Bremen and Verden in 1719. In 1700, the territories forming the electorate introduced, like all other Protestant territories of imperial immediacy, the Improved Calendar, as the Gregorian calendar was called by Protestants to avoid mentioning the name of Pope Gregory XIII. Iracing.com Wiki is a FANDOM Games Community. In 1801 24,000 Brandenburg-Prussian soldiers invaded, surprising Hanover, which surrendered without a fight. On 6 August 1806 the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved, thereby abolishing the function of prince-electors electing its emperors. Merged into the Napoleonic Kingdom of Westphalia in 1807, it was re-established as the Kingdom of Hanover in 1814, and the personal union with the British crown lasted until 1837.[3]. Since 1714 Britain and the Electorate of Hanover had shared a single monarch. George I Louis • 1727–1760 . You could also do it yourself at any point in time. After the Battle of Copenhagen (1801) the coalition fell apart and Brandenburg-Prussia withdrew its troops. The Electorate of Hannover, 1714-1815 : In 1714 Duct-Elector Georg Ludwig was crowned King George I. of England; thus a DYNASTIC UNION between England and Hannover was created, which was to last until 1837. In 1731 Hanover also gained Hadeln. During the Anglo-French and Indian War (1754–1763) in the North American colonies, Britain feared a French invasion in Hanover. Hanover, German Hannover, former state of northwestern Germany, first an electorate (1692–1806) of the Holy Roman Empire, then a kingdom (1814–66), and finally a Prussian province (1866–1945). In early 1810 Hanover proper and Bremen-Verden, but not Saxe-Lauenburg, were also annexed by Westphalia. In 1714, George Louis became king of Great Britain and Ireland, so that the electorate and Great Britain and Ireland were ruled in personal union. Capital: Hanover Continent: Europe Official Languages: West Low German Established: 1692 AD/CE Disestablished: 1814 AD/CE History: In 1692, the Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold I, elevated George's son, Duke Ernest Augustus to the rank of Elector of the Empire as a reward for aid given in the War of the Grand Alliance. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. It succeeded the former Electorate of Hanover (known formally as the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg), and joined 38 other sovereign states in the German Confederation in June of 1815. Direct contact with the Electorate was maintained through the office of the German Chancery, situated in St James's Palace in London. [4] In return, Hanover recognized the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 which changed Habsburg inheritance law. Status: State of the Holy Roman Empire (1692–1806) Personal union with Great Britain and Ireland and the United Kingdom (1714–1807) Capital: Hanover: Common languages: West Low German: Religion . There were protests against the addition of a new Elector, and the elevation did not become official (with the approval of the Imperial Diet) until 1708, in the person of Ernest Augustus' son, George Louis. There were protests against the addition of a new elector, and the elevation did not become official until the approval of the Imperial Diet in 1708. In 1728 Emperor Charles VI officially enfeoffed George II (i.e. The fortunes of the Electorate were tied to those of Great Britain by the Act of Settlement 1701 and Act of Union 1707, which settled the succession to the British throne on Queen Anne's nearest Protestant relative, the Electress Sophia of Hanover, and her descendants. During the War of the Second Coalition against France (1799–1802) Napoléon Bonaparte urged Brandenburg-Prussia to occupy the continental British dominions. Below is a massive list of electorate of hanover words - that is, words related to electorate of hanover. Simple English Wikipedia, the. Western Sahara (Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic), https://iracing.fandom.com/wiki/Electorate_of_Hanover?oldid=27719. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. It was the most heavily fortified town in the Electorate of Hanover. It was a monarchy in Northern Germany, ruled by the House of Hanover, cadet branch of the House of Welf, which then ruled and earlier had … George's grandmother on the maternal side was Elizabeth Stuart, the second child of James I Stuart. In 1692 the Duke of Hanover was made an Elector of the Holy Roman Emperor. To this end Hanover also had to provide troops for the so-called demarcation army maintaining the armed neutrality. However the Electors spent most of their time in England. George II formed an alliance with his Brandenburg-Prussian cousin Frederick II, "the Great" combining the North American conflict with the Brandenburg-Prusso–Austrian Third Silesian or Seven Years' War (1756–1763). In 1692, the Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold I, elevated George's son, Duke Ernest Augustus to the rank of Elector of the Empire as a reward for aid given in the War of the Grand Alliance. Brandenburg-Prussia, however, ended for its part the war with France by the Treaty of Basel (1795), stipulating that Brandenburg-Prussia would ensure the Holy Roman Empire's neutrality in all the latter's territories north of the demarcation line of the river Main, including the British continental dominions of Hanover, Bremen-Verden, and Saxe-Lauenburg. searching for Electorate of Hanover 42 found (444 total) alternate case: electorate of Hanover. Aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Electorate ‌of Hanover is a group on Roblox owned by Weecl_Stoner with 42 members. Following the Treaty of Tilsit in 1807 the new Kingdom of Westphalia was founded, ruled by Napoléon's brother Jérôme Bonaparte, then including territories of the former Electorate of Hesse-Cassel, the ducal Brunswick-Lüneburgian principality Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, and formerly Prussian territories. The Electorate of Hanover (formally the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg; German: Churfürstentum Braunschweig und Lüneburg, colloquially Kurfürstentum Hannover or simply Kurhannover) was the ninth Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. Voting will be held at Hanover High School, 287 Cedar Street, Hanover, MA 02339, with the hours to be determined by the Selectmen in the spring of 2021. French control lasted until October 1813, when the territory was overrun by Russian troops, and the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig later the same month spelled the definitive end to the Napoleonic client state of Westphalia, as well as the entire Confederation of the Rhine, after which the rule of the House of Hanover was restored. However, men were drafted to recruit the 16,000 Hanoverian soldiers fighting in the Low Countries under British command against France. It was formally known as the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg). [4] It took George II Augustus until 1733 to persuade Charles VI to enfeoff him also with the Duchy of Bremen and the Principality of Verden, colloquially called Duchies of Bremen-Verden. After the war ended, peace prevailed until the French Revolutionary Wars started. Thus the title of Elector of Brandenburg became meaningless for the Kingdom of Prussia. The Electorate was legally bound to be indivisible: it could add to its territory, but not alienate territory or be split up among several heirs; and its succession was to follow male primogeniture. The kings would reside, of course, in London; George II. In summer 1757 the French invaded Hanover and defeated George II's son Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, leading the Anglo-Hanoverian army, at the Battle of Hastenbeck and drove him and his army into remote Bremen-Verden, where in the former Zeven Convent [de] he capitulated on 18 September (Convention of Kloster-Zeven). In 1731 Hanover also gained Hadeln. Das kurhannoversche Postpersonal 1736-1803 : ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der sozialen Organisation von Herrschaft, Kommunikation und Verkehr im 18. For most of its existence, the electorate was ruled in … In Hanover, the capital of the Electorate, the Privy Council of Hanover (electoral government) installed a new ministry in charge of the Imperial Estates ruled by the Electors in personal union. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. To this end Hanover also had to provide troops for the so-called demarcation army maintaining the armed neutrality.[5]. Soon afterwards the French also occupied Saxe-Lauenburg. In an attempt to assert the Continental System, the French Empire annexed in late 1810 all the continental North Sea coast (as far as Denmark) and the areas along the sections of the rivers navigable for seagoing vessels, including Bremen-Verden and Saxe-Lauenburg and some adjacent territories of Hanover proper. The Electorate of Hanover (German: Kurfürstentum Hannover or simply German: Kurhannover) was an Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, located in northwestern Germany and taking its name from the capital city of Hanover. Further included were the earlier acquired counties of Diepholz and Hoya. electorate of hanover in a sentence - Use "electorate of hanover" in a sentence 1. It took George II Augustus until 1733 to persuade Charles VI to enfeoff him also with the Duchy of Bremen and the Principality of Verden, colloquially called Duchies of Bremen-Verden. Kurfürstentum Hannover Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg. After it had turned against France, it was defeated in the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt (11 November 1806), and France recaptured Hanover. In 1795 the Holy Roman Empire declared its neutrality, including Hanover; however, a peace treaty with France was under negotiation until it failed in 1799. [1], The Prince-Elector of Hanover became King of Great Britain in 1714. Would you like Wikipedia to always look as professional and up-to-date? The Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg), colloquially Electorate of Hanover (Kurfürstentum Hannover or simply Kurhannover), was established in 1692 as the ninth Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire.. There were protests against the addition of a new Elector, and the elevation did not become official (with the approval of the Imperial Diet) until 1708, in the person of Ernest Augustus's son, George Louis. In an attempt to assert the Continental System, the French Empire annexed in late 1810 all the continental North Sea coast (as far as Denmark) and the areas along the sections of the rivers navigable for seagoing vessels, including Bremen-Verden and Saxe-Lauenburg and some adjacent territories of Hanover proper. Direct contact with the Electorate was maintained through the office of the German Chancery, situated in St James's Palace in London. The former electorate became the Kingdom of Hanover, confirmed at the Congress of Vienna in 1814. But before the confirmation of the electorate by the Imperial Diet in 1708 the Calenberg line further inherited the principality of Celle in 1705. The Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg), colloquially Electorate of Hanover (Kurfürstentum Hannover or simply Kurhannover), was established in 1692 as the ninth Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire.. 1692–1814: Flagge. As part of the German Mediatisation of 25 February 1803, the Electorate received the Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück in real union, whose every second ruler had been alternately members of the House of Hanover since 1662. Though the Elector's titles were properly Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, he is commonly referred to as the Elector of Hanover after his residence. Britain had already deposed James II in 1688 because he threatened to tear Britain apart in another … Das kurhannoversche Postpersonal 1736-1803 : ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der sozialen Organisation von Herrschaft, Kommunikation und Verkehr im 18. In 1806, Principality of Brunswick and Lunenburg (Wolfenbüttel), War of the First Coalition against France, War of the Second Coalition against France, War of the Third Coalition against France, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски. It was called the Department of Bremen-Verden, Hadeln, Lauenburg and Bentheim. Will Hanover run there own flag of the Electorate Hanover (Braunschweig-Lüneburg) or will it be marked under the British Flag on the Map. The Electorate was legally bound to be indivisible: it could add to its territory, but not alienate territory or be split up among several heirs; and its succession was to follow male primogeniture. In December the Empire of the French, since 1804 France's new government, ceded Hanover, which it did not hold any more, to Brandenburg-Prussia, which captured it early in 1806. In 1728 Emperor Charles VI officially enfeoffed George II (i.e. In Hanover, the capital of the Electorate, the Privy Council of Hanover (electoral government) installed a new ministry in charge of the Imperial Estates ruled by the Electors in personal union. 10 août 2012 - The Electorate of Hanover (formally the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg; German: Churfürstentum Braunschweig und Lüneburg, colloquially Kurfürstentum Hannover or simply Kurhannover) was the ninth Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. The Electorate of Hanover (or, more formally, the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg; _de. That's it. The Privy Council of Hanover, with minister Friedrich Franz Dieterich von Bremer holding up the Hanoverian stake,[clarification needed] fled to Saxe-Lauenburg across the Elbe, ruled by Britain-Hanover in personal union. In summer 1757 the French invaded Hanover and defeated George II's son Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, leading the Anglo-Hanoverian army, at the Battle of Hastenbeck and drove him and his army into remote Bremen-Verden, where in the former Zeven Convent [de] he capitulated on 18 September (Convention of Kloster-Zeven). The Annual Town Election will be held on Saturday, May 8, 2021. In 1692, the Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold I, elevated George's son, Duke Ernest Augustus to the rank of Elector of the Empire as a reward for aid given in the War of the Grand Alliance. Thus the principality was upgraded to the Electorate of Hanover, colloquially known as the Electorate of Hanover after Calenberg's capital (see also: House of Hanover). The Electorate of Hanover was an Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, located in northwestern Germany and taking its name from the capital city of Hanover. After it had turned against France, it was defeated in the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt (11 November 1806), and France recaptured Hanover. However, men were drafted to recruit the 16,000 Hanoverian soldiers fighting in the Low Countries under British command against France. Lutheran: Government: Principality: Prince-elector • 1692–1698 . It succeeded the former Electorate of Hanover (known formally as the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg), and joined 38 other sovereign states in the German Confederation in June 1815. Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea! Since this was against the Salic law, then valid for the ducal family, the change needed imperial confirmation, which Emperor Leopold I granted in 1692. After then the Dukes were usually called Electors of Hanover, German: Kurfürst von Hannover. The Kingdom of Hanover was established in October 1814 by the Congress of Vienna, with the restoration of George III to his Hanoverian territories after the Napoleonic era. In 1705 Elector George I Louis inherited the Principality of Lüneburg with the Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg upon the death of his uncle Duke George William of Brunswick-Lüneburg. French control lasted until October 1813, when the territory was overrun by Russian troops, and the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig later the same month spelled the definitive end to the Napoleonic client state of Westphalia, as well as the entire Confederation of the Rhine, after which the rule of the House of Hanover was restored. Sunday, 18 February (Old Style) was thus followed by Monday, 1 March (New Style). In 1692, the Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold I, elevated George's son, Duke Ernest Augustus to the rank of Elector of the Empire as a reward for aid given in the War of the Grand Alliance. The former electorate became the Kingdom of Hanover, confirmed at the Congress of Vienna in 1814. 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