The first local school to provide western education was opened by a local Society called "Lamdon Social Welfare Society" in 1973. As per the order, the apportionment has been made as per the figures that stood on 31 October 2019 and as per the … By Medina Tenour Whiteman. Leh town. Ladakh is renowned for its remote mountain beauty and distinct culture.  It is bordered by the Tibet Autonomous Region to the east, the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh to the south, both the Indian-administered union territory of Jammu and Kashmir and the Pakistan-administered Gilgit-Baltistan to the west, and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north. The route, however, remains closed during the winter months due to heavy snowfall. As its culture and history are closely related to that of Tibet, it is known as the "Little Tibet". Report submitted to the Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx Zoo, New York.  The urban sex ratio in both the districts is about 640. The Karakoram Range forms a great watershed that separates China from the Indian subcontinent and is sometimes called the "Third Pole." Ladakh is one of the highest regions of the world. He helped in spreading Shia Islam in Kashmir and converted the overwhelming majority of Muslims in Baltistan to his school of thought. , Ladakhi food has much in common with Tibetan food, the most prominent foods being thukpa (noodle soup) and tsampa, known in Ladakhi as ngampe (roasted barley flour). Statue of Maitreya at Likir Monastery, Leh district, Between the 1380s and early 1510s, many Islamic missionaries propagated Islam and proselytised the Ladakhi people. The head of government is a Lieutenant Governor appointed by the President of India who is assisted by civil servants of the Indian Administrative Service.. The wool of chiru must be pulled out by hand, a process done after the animal is killed. Leh Sightseeing. Leh is at an altitude of 3,524 metres, and is connected via National Highway 1 to Srinagar in the southwest and to Manali in the south via th Ladakh became an Union Territory on 31st of October 2019. As Ladakh moves toward a cash-based economy, foods from the plains of India are becoming more common. Maryul remained staunchly Buddhist during this period, having participated in the second diffusion of Buddhism from India to Tibet via Kashmir and Zanskar.  The first European to study the wildlife of this region was William Moorcroft in 1820, followed by Ferdinand Stoliczka, an Austrian-Czech palaeontologist, who carried out a massive expedition there in the 1870s. The sheikh then went to Ladakh and proselytised many people to Islam. Hemis monastery, a leading centre of the Drukpa tradition of Buddhism, holds an annual masked dance festival, as do all major Ladakhi monasteries.  Among smaller animals, marmots, hares, and several types of pika and vole are common. Later, with support from Dalai Lama and some international organisations, the school, now known as Lamdon Model Senior Secondary School, has grown to accommodate approximately two thousand pupils in several branches. The Pangong range runs parallel to the Ladakh Range for about 100 km (62 mi) northwest from Chushul along the southern shore of the Pangong Lake. The Indian government was criticised by the Indian public because India respected geographical co-ordinates more than India's opponents: Pakistan and China. Summers are short, though they are long enough to grow crops. "East of the Moon and West of the Sun? JAMMU, Jan 14: The Jammu & Kashmir Finance department Thursday issued formal orders for the apportionment of assets, rights, liabilities and posts of the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir between the union territories of J&K and Ladakh, respectively. , The demand for Ladakh as separate Union Territory (UT) was first raised by the parliamentarian Kushok Bakula Rinpoche around 1955, which was later carried forward by another parliamentarian Thupstan Chhewang. , Ladakhi culture is similar to Tibetan culture. The glacier lies between the Saltoro Ridge immediately to the west and the main Karakoram Range to the east. Ladak is its pronunciation in several Tibetan districts. Sayyid Ali Hamadani, Sayyid Muhammad Nur Baksh and Mir Shamsuddin Iraqi were three important Sufi missionaries who propagated Islam to the locals. The Namgyal family was given the jagir of Stok, which it nominally retains to this day. These animals are in conflict with the nomadic people of Changthang who hold the Kiang responsible for pasture degradation. Leh and Kargil districts now each have their own locally elected Hill Councils with some control over local policy and development funds. Ladakh was born from the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Ladakh covers about 45,000 square miles (117,000 square km) and contains the Ladakh Range, which is a southeastern extension of the Karakoram Range, and the upper Indus River valley. Its closeness to Leh, the capital of Ladakh makes it more accessible to the trekkers. , For much of the first millennium, the western Tibet comprised Zhangzhung kingdom(s), which practised the Bon religion.  There are about 200 snow leopards in Ladakh of an estimated 7,000 worldwide. , Naked barley (Ladakhi: nas, Urdu: grim) was traditionally a staple crop all over Ladakh. Ladakh remained Buddhist and its culture was not yet Tibetan.. The sport is conducted with strict etiquette, to the accompaniment of the music of surna and daman (shehnai and drum). , In February 2019, Ladakh became a separate Revenue and Administrative Division within Jammu and Kashmir, having previously been part of the Kashmir Division. Visison 2050 for UT of Ladakh, Volunteer with the Administration of UT of Ladakh, Zanskar Winter Sports & Youth Festival 2021 will be the…, The Union Territory of Ladakh celebrates its first “Winter Conclave…, Content Owned by UT Administration Ladakh, Developed and hosted by National Informatics Centre, Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology, Government of India, Duty of Officer in Republic Day Celebration of 2021. The Muslim musicians later settled in Leh. Zeisler, Bettina. The idea of driving to Leh, the capital of Ladakh in the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir, at an altitude of 11,562 feet, is an adventure itself.  The Pallas's cat, which looks somewhat like a house cat, is very rare in Ladakh and not much is known about the species. Overnight stay at Leh City: The capital of Ladakh, at one time was a major stop on the Asian “Silk Route”. Ladakh will be the second largest UT after it comes to force.  The Ladakhi Urial is another unique mountain sheep that inhabits the mountains of Ladakh. She was to be the first queen and her son was to become the next ruler. Gielen, U. P. 1998. Nyimagon's eldest son, Lhachen Palgyigon, is believed to have conquered the regions to the north, including Ladakh and Rutog. The animal is often persecuted by farmers whose crops are allegedly damaged by it. January 7, 2021. Buddhism spread into western Ladakh from Kashmir in the 2nd century. The main populated regions are the river valleys, but the mountain slopes also support the pastoral Changpa nomads. Several mosques were built in Ladakh during this period, including in Mulbhe, Padum and Shey, the capital of Ladakh. Indian Army apprehends Chinese soldier in Ladakh, second such incident in three months; MoS Reddy to head committee for 'protecting language, culture and land of Ladakh' Border standoff, demand for constitutional safeguards kept Ladakh in news in 2020; Union Territory of Ladakh gets its own meteorological centre Amchi medicine remains a component of public health, especially in remote areas.. Governor R.K. Mathur Sandwiched between Kashmir and Zhangzhung, Ladakh is believed to have been alternatively under the control of one or other of these powers. It is distributed on the Tibetan plateau and its marginal mountains encompassing a total area of 2.5 million km2 (0.97 million sq mi). In fact, we were so driven by unquenchable thirst for thrill that we drove to Zanskar Valley beyond Leh. Ladakh became an Union Territory on 31 st of October 2019. , Polo, popular among the Baltis, is an annual affair in Drass region of Kargil district. Investments in capital works/projects indicated in the statement of Finincial assets under ‘ capital expenditure’, amounting to RS.  The average annual population growth rate from 1981 to 2001 was 2.75% in Leh District and 2.83% in Kargil district. Ladakh was an independent kingdom for 900 years. The fibre is smuggled into Kashmir and woven into exquisite shawls by Kashmiri workers. Trees nestled in front of the Himalayas near Leh, Carved stone tablets, each with the inscription "Om Mani Padme Hum" along the paths of Zanskar, Region administered by India as a union territory, The extension of the term "Tibet" to the modern day, All of Indian Ladakh is placed in high risk Zone VIII, while areas from Kargil and Zanskar southwestward are in lower risk zones on the, Census was not carried out in Jammu and Kashmir in 1991 due to militancy, See the following studies (1) Halkias, T. Georgios(2009) "Until the Feathers of the Winged Black Raven Turn White: Sources for the Tibet-Bashahr Treaty of 1679–1684," in. The Indus River is the backbone of Ladakh. The airport is a political issue for the locals who argue that the airport should serve its original purpose, i.e., should open up for civilian flights. Since 1974, the Government of India has successfully encouraged tourism in Ladakh. Fraternal polyandry and inheritance by primogeniture were common in Ladakh until the early 1940s when these were made illegal by the government of Jammu and Kashmir. 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