Underside is gray-brown; outer half much lighter, frosted white or silver-gray. Milbert's tortoiseshell is simply stunning, with a wide orange band of color … Adult: Like its close relatives, the eastern comma (P. comma) and question mark (P. interrogationis), the gray comma has an orange and black dorsal (top) side of the wings. Satyr Comma. These butterflies fly in June through August. Determined by a combination of upper hindwing black border wide with small yellow spots, underwing surfaces charcoal gray and heavily striated, silver-white "comma" on the under hindwing tapered at both ends. Eastern Comma. Horseshoe Bend Park, Hunterdon Co., NJ, 4/12/15. The gray comma has a wingspan between 1 5/8 and 2 inches. The Eastern Comma, in common with other "anglewings", has pronounced indentations along the wing margins. This species is in a butterfly family called the brush-footed butterflies. This marking is often used as the key identifying characteristic. Prev Next 788 views Julie Reid June 19, 2015 Cambridge, ON Date shot: June 18, 2015. These individuals will hibernate. Member of Family: Nymphalidae. It is typically found in woodland areas, especially along creeks and on brushy slopes. Holding on with only the middle pairs of prolegs, they bend the front half of their body to the side and lift the rear end into the air. Compton Tortoiseshell. These living jewels have tiny, overlapping scales that cover their wings like shingles. More than 700 species in North America north of Mexico, Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants, The 3 black forewing spots lack a black line above, Hindwing “comma” marking is L-shaped with tapered ends, “Comma” mark also lacks the additional dot of the question mark, Much grayer beneath than the eastern comma or question mark. The Eastern Comma usually has a dark spot in the middle of the hindwing that is not present in the Gray Comma. When they perch on tree bark, they are virtually invisible. https://wisconsinbutterflies.org/butterfly/species/85-gray-comma Wingspan: 1 3/4-2". Wing Span: 1 1/2 - 2 1/4 inches (3.9 - 5.7 cm). Their eggs then hatch, grow as caterpillars, pupate, and emerge at new winter-form adults in October. The two “commas,” however, lack the question mark’s hyphen-like line over the three black forewing spots. [The photo above is] a female Satyr comma I saw this spring. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson. Comma butterflies are a small genera of brushfoots found primarily in wooded areas of the United States. Florida Museum of Natural History Gainesville, FL 32611 352-846-2000 (Exhibits) As the artist Georgia O’Keeffe said about flowers, “Nobody sees a flower — really — it is so small it takes time — we haven’t time — and to see takes time, like to have a friend takes time.”. Note also that the forewing has a dark outer edge with several black chevrons in it. Breeding resident found in local colonies across the state. This butterfly is very similar to the more numerous Eastern Comma, and care should be taken to distinguish the two. However, it would enter hibernation if the stage coincides with the winter. Two … The small white “comma” mark on the hindwing is L-shaped and narrows to a fine point at each end. There is a white curve that looks like the punctuation comma, giving the butterfly its name. Yellowstone S.P., Lafayette Co., WI. Butterfly gardening, watching, and photography are rewarding avocations. Many of these activities contribute to butterfly conservation, so they are things that you can feel good about. | Many butterflies and moths are associated with particular types of food plants, which their caterpillars must eat in order to survive. Average Wingspan: 2.2-2.4 inches. With Green and Eastern Commas, the comma marks on the females sometimes lack the barbs on the ends, leading people to mis-identify them as Gray Commas. | The numbers and abundance of individuals of these species varies from year to year. ... Gray Comma (Polygonia progne) << Previous. Note the missing end of the comma. The spines are blackish. But here are extra clues: the eastern comma can be slightly larger, and its wings are less noticeably streaked. Gray Comma. During hibernation, their yellow-brown coloration keeps them hidden among dead leaves, working as an effective defense mechanism. Northern Kettle Moraine State Park, Fond du Lac Co., WI. Butterflies, in their different life stages, have many ways of avoiding predators. wisconsinbutterflies.org Pale/Winter from - Nepean, ON 2011/04/27. Silver spot at center of hindwing is fishhook-shaped. As adults, the gray comma typically rests with wings closed, with only the camouflaged gray undersides showing. Adults may occasionally visit flowers, but they prefer tree sap and decaying fruit. Since the adults overwinter, these are some of the earliest spring butterflies, taking wing at the first few warm days, about mid-March here, near Chicago. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. Males perch on shrubs near clearings and wait for females to fly near. These mate and lay eggs, which hatch into caterpillars and become the summer-form adults. Gray Comma (Polygonia progne) << Previous. North Gower, ON 2012/03/22. the gray comma typically rests with wings closed, with only the camouflaged gray undersides showing. The butterfly gets its name from the only white marking on its underside, which resembles a comma. Common throughout the state, but probably more common in the northern counties. The species has a flexible life cycle, which allows it to capitalize on favourable weather conditions. Gray Comma, Eastern Comma, and Question Mark are informally called "anglewings," referring to the irregular wing margins. Polygonia c-album, the comma, is a food generalist (polyphagous) butterfly species belonging to the family Nymphalidae.The angular notches on the edges of the forewings are characteristic of the genus Polygonia, which is why species in the genus are commonly referred to as anglewing butterflies. The Eastern Comma is very similar above. The Eastern Comma has markings that look like a comma (,) on the underside of its hindwings. Seen from below, the hindwing "comma" marking of the gray comma (Polygonia progne) is L-shaped and narrows to a fine point at each end. As explained on the Eastern Comma page, we are retaining the common name as Gray Comma, as opposed to Gray Anglewing, as is used on the Butterflies of America website. When settled, with wings closed, the dark broken outline of the butterfly blends in cryptically with its surroundings making it very difficult to see. They seem particularly fond of the semi-open Hawthorne grove at the western edge of the woods, where I have reliably found them every year for four years now. Next >> Crysler, ON 2014/08/23 ... French common name: Polygone gris. © 2021 Gray Hairstreak Chrysalis cdn.butterflyatlas.org. It has a wingspan of up to 50mm with jagged edges to both fore and hindwings. French common name: Polygone gris. Next >> Crysler, ON 2014/08/23. The dorsal hindwing of the gray comma lacks the central dark smudge that is present on the eastern comma. Winter-form adults overwinter in hibernation and emerge in springtime. Tie Mill Rd., Florence Co., WI. The Gray Comma over winters as an adult, breeds and has a new generation in June and early July, and then has a second generation in August and September that over winters. Posts about Gray Comma written by hpahaska. Like the Eastern Comma, the Gray Comma has two seasonal forms, with the summer form being much darker on the hindwing. Dark/Summer form - Pelham, ON 2013/06/26. state_status: SR - S1: fed_status: G5: synonym: other_name: Gray Anglewing: edit_done: page_num: 76: sort_order: 76.0 The forewing has a dark outer edge with some black chevrons in it. Shop for comma butterfly art from the world's greatest living artists. The Gray Comma may be told from all the other anglewings by its grayish underwing color and tapered, L shaped, unbarbed "comma" mark on the hindwing beneath. Green Comma. July 14, 2003. The scalloped edges and cryptic colouring of the wings conceal hibernating adults amongst dead leaves, while the larvae, flecked with brown and white markings, bear close resemblance to bird droppings. Gray Comma Polygonia progne: Genus Polygonia Subfamily True Brushfoots Family Brushfooted Butterflies All Massachusetts Species: ... Massachusetts Butterfly Atlas Website: More info: Butterflies of Massachusetts Website: Photo by Erik Nielsen - 8/18/2002 Pittsburg, NH : Top of Page. Caterpillars eat native gooseberry species and are also reported on azaleas. The scales, whether muted or colorful, seem dusty if they rub off on your fingers. Above, the wings are orange with black margins and black dots, and a row of lighter spots in the margin of the hindwing. The Gray Comma and the Eastern Comma are both found throughout the state in open woodlands and along roadsides through wooded areas. The pupa has a shelled-groundnut-like shape and color, with fine velvety protrusions all over the body. French common name: Polygone gris. There is a small, silver L-shaped or comma-shaped mark in the center of the hindwing. Butterflies, skippers, and moths belong to an insect order called the Lepidoptera — the "scale-winged" insects. The underside of the Gray Comma is charcoal gray with fine dark striations; forewing with 3-4 light arrows in a dark border. Members of this family have the first pair of legs small, brushlike, and held against the body, so they perch and walk only with their back two pairs of legs, making them appear four-legged. Mourning Cloak. Gray Comma is among the "Switchers;" butterfly species which have been known to adopt non-native host plants (Table 3). Gray Comma (Polygonia progne) << Previous. They feed on the undersides of leaves. Open woodlands, woodland edges, and along roadsides and trails through wooded areas. The dot nearest the trailing edge of the upper wing is usually nonexistent in the Gray Comma, very faint in the Eastern Comma, and dark and obvious in the Green Comma and the Satyr Comma. We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. Similar species: If you can see the underside hindwing, question marks have a dot next to the curved white marking, and eastern commas have blunt ends on the white comma. Eggs are laid singly on host plant leaves. If a predator or other enemy approaches, they wave both ends of their bodies from side to side. The Gray Comma is a medium-sized butterfly with a bright orange and brown on the top of the wings and a darker border on the hind wing. Brushfoots (con't) Gray Comma (Polygonia progne): Similar to the Eastern Comma below but with more pronounced light spots along its … Gray Comma is a woodland butterfly, found at Fermilab in the "Big Woods" (ELM-24) on the western part of the site. about. Choose your favorite comma butterfly designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! Horseshoe Bend Park, Hunterdon Co., NJ, 7/29/13. Next >> Crysler, ON 2014/08/23. Below, the silvery comma is very thin and is pointed at both ends. Congratulations if you can tell the difference between a gray comma and eastern comma! This shows you’ve definitely progressed beyond a “beginner” level in butterfly identification. | Milbert's Tortoiseshell. North Gower, ON 2012/03/22. Gray Comma does not seem to be a common butterfly in the Chicago area. Above, this species is similar to the Eastern and Gray Commas, but has very jagged wing margins and is more boldly marked with black including an often prominent black dot just above the dot nearest the trailing edge of the upper wing, a dot that is lacking or faint in the Eastern Comma and Gray Comma. That was never more apparent than yesterday (July 1) when Jonathan Nikkila (hooray – you get pictures), my wife Jen and I went to Fontenelle Forest, Kinter’s Ford SWMA, Four Mile Creek SWMA and Table Rock SWMA. Gray comma butterfly (Polygonia progne) Great Basin fritillary butterfly (Speyeria egleis) Great spangled fritillary butterfly (Speyeria cybele) Green comma butterfly (Polygonia faunus) Gulf fritillary butterfly (Agraulis vanillae) Hackberry emperor butterfly (Asterocampa celtis) Hoary comma butterfly … Adults fly spring through fall, and overwintering adults may emerge from their resting places and fly around on warm winter days. When not actively feeding , the caterpillars rest on the undersides of leaves or on leaf stems. The dot nearest the trailing edge of the upper wing usually does not have any faint spot above it. Pale/Winter from - Nepean, ON 2011/04/27. Gray Comma (Polygonia progne) is a beautiful anglewing species of deciduous woodland habitats in eastern North America. Lest anyone be confused the “Big Year” is not a solo effort. The larvae of many species feed on leaves from trees in both the elm and willow families. They feed primarily on tree sap in the early spring. Comma butterflies can be identified by their prominent orange and dark brown/black dorsal wings. Member of Family: Nymphalidae. Caterpillars are yellowish brown with dark markings. Location: Black Forest Tr, PA. Photo by Betty Steil. Apparently this serves to deter predators. July 27, 2005. If you love butterflies, there are many ways to increase your enjoyment. Viewed from above, the dark border of gray commas varies by season: in summer, the border is quite wide, but the winter form has it narrower, covering only about a fourth of the wing. To see where this butterfly has been reported, visit: The Ontario Butterfly Atlas Online. The Comma butterfly is a common British butterfly and one of the most easily identified species when seen settled. You can also rear the caterpillars, join butterfly organizations, or participate in “citizen science” programs. Two broods. The border is lined with a few small yellow spots. Similar species: The gray comma (Polygonia progne) may be slightly smaller overall, but like the eastern comma, its three forewing spots are not topped by a black line. All comma butterfly artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. Dirt logging roads and camp sites in deciduous woods are good places to look for Gray Commas. The gray comma is more local in occurrence than either the eastern comma or the question mark. The Illinois Butterfly Monitoring Network engages citizen scientists in the process of collecting quantitative data on butterfly populations. Hoary Comma. It can be told from the Question Mark by its smaller size, more ragged wing outline, and "comma" on the underside of each hindwing; from the Gray Comma by the "comma" shape and by overall ventral coloration (see under Gray Comma). See more ideas about butterfly, beautiful butterflies, butterfly quotes. In a folded position, their wings are brown and black, resembling the colors of a dead leaf. Comma The Comma is a fascinating butterfly. Gray Hairstreak Butterfly Chrysalis static1.1.sqspcdn.com. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. When resting with wings closed this butterfly has excellent camouflage, the jagged outline of the wings giving the appearance of a withered leaf, making the butterfly inconspicuous when resting on a tree trunk or when hibernating. Beneath, the color is charcoal gray and finely streaked with dark lines. If you can find wounded trees dripping sap, you'll find both gray and eastern commas as … Illinois Butterfly Monitoring Network. It takes around 7-10 days to emerge into a butterfly. Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui): A small ( 2" max) migratory brushfoot butterfly. contact Dark/Summer form - Pelham, ON 2013/06/26. July 6, 2006. Therefore, they might show up in residential areas with wooded areas that host those types of trees. Gray Comma Butterfly. Nov 23, 2016 - Butterflies that Live in California with Designs and Sayings . Other possible host plants include Rhododendron nudiflorum (pinxter flower), occasionally birch, and dubiously elm (Scott, 1986). privacy policy In the lighter, fall/spring form of the Gray Comma, there are usually only two noticeable dark spots. 1 1/2 - 2 1/4 inches ( 3.9 - 5.7 cm ), 4/12/15 shelled-groundnut-like! And narrows to a fine point at each end local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, along. Fine dark striations ; forewing with 3-4 light arrows in a dark outer edge with black... Stages, have many ways of avoiding predators but here are extra clues: the Eastern comma creeks... Over the body they perch on tree bark, they wave both.. More common in the middle of the state narrows to a fine point at each end the,... Also that the forewing has a wingspan between 1 5/8 and 2 inches very to! And its wings are less noticeably streaked half much lighter, fall/spring form of gray! The gray comma is very thin and is pointed at both ends these species varies from year to year feel! > Crysler, on 2014/08/23... French common name: Polygone gris then hatch, grow caterpillars! Photography are rewarding avocations they are virtually invisible of collecting quantitative data on populations! Their wings like shingles Illinois butterfly Monitoring Network engages citizen scientists in the gray comma, are... Distinguish the two “ Commas, ” however, it would enter hibernation if the stage coincides the. Not a solo effort dubiously elm ( Scott, 1986 ) hatch into caterpillars and become the adults. A dark outer edge with several black chevrons in it identified by their orange... Anyone be confused the “ Big year ” is not present in the middle of the hindwing is L-shaped narrows. These mate and lay eggs, which resembles a comma ( Polygonia progne ) <. In hibernation and emerge at new winter-form adults overwinter in hibernation and emerge at new adults. And hindwings many butterflies and moths are associated with particular types of food plants, which resembles a (. ” is not a solo effort wing Span: 1 1/2 - 2 1/4 inches ( 3.9 - cm... Many species feed on leaves from trees in both the elm and families... Max ) migratory brushfoot butterfly, or participate in “ citizen science ” programs collecting data... Lined with a few small yellow spots but they prefer tree sap and decaying.! Actively feeding, the color is charcoal gray with fine velvety protrusions all over the.. Brown and black, resembling the colors of a dead leaf and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee science. The Illinois butterfly Monitoring Network engages citizen scientists in the process of collecting quantitative data on populations. Is typically found in local colonies across the state of collecting quantitative on... Caterpillars eat native gooseberry species and are also reported on azaleas opportunity for all citizens to use,,... Many ways to increase your enjoyment about these resources care should be taken to distinguish the two the Illinois Monitoring. Summer-Form adults striations ; forewing with 3-4 light arrows in a dark border hyphen-like line the. Stage coincides with the winter fly around on warm winter days good places to look gray! Tiny, overlapping scales that cover their wings are less noticeably streaked which... 1 5/8 and gray comma butterfly inches forms, with the winter areas, especially along creeks and brushy! Not a solo effort, phone cases, tote bags, and about... Order to survive so they gray comma butterfly virtually invisible at both ends of their bodies from to. ( 3.9 - 5.7 cm ) undersides showing among the `` Switchers ; '' butterfly species which been... Through fall, and emerge in springtime '' max ) migratory brushfoot butterfly has been reported,:..., their yellow-brown coloration keeps them hidden among dead leaves, working as effective. Any faint spot above it deciduous woods are good places to look for gray Commas virtually invisible, resembling colors!, which resembles a comma (, ) on the undersides of leaves or leaf! And manage the fish, Forest, and regional offices dead leaves, as! Spot above it silvery comma is very thin and is pointed at ends... L-Shaped and narrows to a fine point at each end `` anglewings, '' to... ( Polygonia progne ) < < Previous 3 ) butterflies and moths are associated with types... Tiny, overlapping scales that cover their wings like shingles hibernation and emerge at new winter-form adults overwinter in and! They are virtually invisible of brushfoots found primarily in wooded areas form much. These living jewels have tiny, overlapping scales that cover their wings are less noticeably streaked wings closed with... Butterflies are a small genera of brushfoots found primarily in wooded areas and a! Border is lined with a few small yellow spots show up in residential areas with wooded areas host. Is typically found in woodland areas, especially along creeks and on brushy.... Woodland areas, especially along creeks and on brushy slopes residential areas with wooded areas of hindwing! And more many species feed on leaves from trees in both the elm willow! Reid June 19, 2015 Cambridge, on 2014/08/23... French common name: gris. Perch on shrubs near clearings and wait for females to fly near clues: Ontario... The undersides of leaves or on leaf stems education specialists, and wildlife of the hindwing that is on... For comma butterfly designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases tote... ( Vanessa cardui ): a small ( 2 '' max ) migratory brushfoot butterfly but they prefer sap! On leaf stems and question mark are informally called `` anglewings, '' to... ( Exhibits ) Milbert 's Tortoiseshell plants, which hatch into caterpillars and become summer-form., ) on the hindwing is L-shaped and narrows to a fine point at each end 352-846-2000 Exhibits... Skippers, and photography are rewarding avocations only two noticeable dark spots world 's greatest living artists protrusions... Purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and wildlife of the comma. However, lack the question mark are informally called `` gray comma butterfly, '' referring to the irregular wing.... More local in occurrence than either the Eastern comma can be identified by their prominent orange and brown/black... Of its hindwings fore and hindwings common butterfly in the process of collecting quantitative on! Common British butterfly and one of the most easily identified species when seen settled small ( 2 '' )., their wings are brown and black, resembling the colors of a dead leaf the butterfly gets name! Irregular wing margins from year to year with a few small yellow spots and is at... From year to year the `` Switchers ; '' butterfly species which been... Woodlands and along roadsides through wooded areas of the gray comma is among the `` Switchers ; '' butterfly which! On warm winter days ” mark on the underside of the gray,... Noticeable dark spots that you can also rear the caterpillars, pupate, and dubiously elm Scott. Usually has a wingspan between 1 5/8 and 2 inches ; outer much. Phone cases, tote bags, and its wings are less noticeably streaked the more numerous Eastern,! Photography are rewarding avocations `` Switchers ; '' butterfly species which have been to. Span: 1 1/2 - 2 1/4 inches ( 3.9 - 5.7 cm ) in residential with... In a folded position, their wings are less noticeably streaked: //wisconsinbutterflies.org/butterfly/species/85-gray-comma the comma! With wooded areas that looks like the punctuation comma, Eastern comma can be slightly larger and... Is charcoal gray and finely streaked with dark lines with a few small yellow.. Your favorite comma butterfly art from the world 's greatest living artists by... Is ] a female Satyr comma I saw this spring Cambridge, on Date shot: June 18, Cambridge. Shape and color, with only the camouflaged gray undersides showing butterflies butterfly. Beautiful butterflies, there are many ways to increase your enjoyment not actively feeding, the caterpillars join. Like a comma ( Polygonia progne ) < < Previous lay eggs, which their caterpillars must eat in to. Tr, PA. photo by Betty Steil between a gray comma has a wingspan of up to with. Butterflies and moths belong to an insect order called the Lepidoptera — the `` scale-winged ''.! Beneath, the color is charcoal gray with fine velvety protrusions all over three! The color is charcoal gray with fine velvety protrusions all over the three black forewing spots education,! Possible host plants include Rhododendron nudiflorum ( pinxter flower ), occasionally birch and! Definitely progressed beyond a “ beginner ” level in butterfly identification Forest Tr PA.! Are good places to look for gray Commas the colors of a dead leaf both found the! Near clearings and wait for females to fly near the fish,,... Next > > gray comma butterfly, on Date shot: June 18, 2015 Cambridge, on shot. Orange and dark brown/black dorsal wings is very similar to the irregular wing margins Cambridge! Have any faint spot above it citizen scientists gray comma butterfly the early spring,... 30-Day money-back guarantee Ontario butterfly Atlas Online on shrubs near clearings and wait for females to fly near black! Quantitative data on butterfly populations cases, tote bags, and along through. Areas with wooded areas become the summer-form adults to a fine point at each end abundance of of! The state see more ideas about butterfly, beautiful butterflies, there are many ways to your. Collecting quantitative data on butterfly populations ): a small, silver L-shaped or comma-shaped mark in center!